World Antibiotic Awareness Week, 13-19 November 2017

Antibiotics are in danger of losing their effectiveness due to misuse and overuse, and are in many cases not even necessary.

Professor Gillian Leng, deputy chief executive at NICE said: "Antibiotic resistance is a concern for us all".

"Antibiotic resistance is a global crisis that we can not ignore", says Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, director-general of WHO.

"The use of antibiotics is the single most important factor leading to antibiotic resistance around the world", according to the CDC.

As Antibiotic Awareness Week (AAW) rolls round again, patients are being reminded that dental problems are best treated by a dentist, with emphasis on the correct diagnosis and treatment to ensure optimal health management. "Education about the importance of taking antibiotics as recommended by a health professional, not sharing them, and reporting adverse effects, is key to managing the use of antibiotics well".

Health Department's pharmaceutical services standard branch (PSSB) manager, Vali Karo, is calling on the public to stop buying antibiotics from the streets and unauthorised shops in the country.

Antibiotic resistance leads to longer hospital stays, higher medical costs and increased mortality.

There is hope in tackling AMR.

November 13th kicks off World Antibiotics Awareness Week, and Allen County Public Health wants to remind people to "Be Antibiotics Aware" when using them.

Antibiotics are essential to treat serious bacterial infections, such as meningitis, pneumonia and sepsis, but they are frequently being used to treat illnesses and viral infections. Indiscriminate use of antibiotics in livestock and aquaculture for treatment and growth promotion has been shown to hasten this emergence and spread of antibiotic resistant pathogens in food and the environment.

The FAO has further initiated activities in the Asia-Pacific region since September 2016 to harmonize antimicrobial resistance surveillance and review antimicrobial resistance policies. In addition, efforts have focused on raising public awareness about AMR in the food and agriculture sector.

"The implementation of the national AMR action plan will also be presented". For instance, prescription drugs should only be taken or applied based on advice of health professionals.

The WHO Guidelines on Use of Medically Important Antimicrobials in Food-producing Animals, the title of the document, consists of four broad recommendations and two best practice statements, with each one set out in detail and justified.

Principal treatments now in development include; Clinical trials, Urinary tract infections, Intra-abdominal infections, Skin infections and MRSA - Removal of nasal carriage of MRSA to prevent post-surgical staphylococcal infections.

Vanessa Coleman

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