UAE says US, European guarantees needed to solve Gulf crisis

Doha confirmed the four Arab governments who have imposed a siege on the small Gulf state delivered the demands through Kuwait in a major escalation of the ongoing diplomatic crisis in the Gulf.

Kuwait, which is mediating the dispute, handed the list to the Qatari government, they said.

- Halt the development of a Turkish military base in the country.

"Since June 5 exports to Qatar have amounted to $32.5 million".

- Stop all means of funding for groups or people designated by foreign countries as terrorists.

Qatar must furthermore surrender individuals wanted on terrorism charges it has been sheltering, freeze their assets, and refrain from giving citizenship to wanted nationals from the other Arab states.

Saudi Arabia has raised the stakes in the Middle East, as they issued a list of demands to Qatar.

The point of putting forward that list of demands, the analyst says, is "to empty the hands of Qatar from the merits and winning aces that it had, or that made it a heavyweight".

It raised concerns about the closure of Al Jazeera, citizenship rights and extraditions. The sanctioning countries demanded Qatar pay them reparations for any damage or costs incurred due to Qatari policies.

Qatar has been told it must close the broadcaster Al Jazeera and meet 12 other demands to lift a blockade by countries including Saudi Arabia.

Al Jazeera said any call to close down the network is an attempt to silence freedom of expression in the region.

"The leakage will further exasperate & prolong the Qatar crisis".

"The alternative is not escalation, the alternative is parting of ways, because it is very hard for us to maintain a collective grouping", UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash told reporters.

The four countries cut ties with Qatar earlier this month over allegations that it funds terrorism - an accusation United States president Donald Trump has echoed.

The list is presented as the best deal Qatar will get, and it comes off the table 10 days from now.

Qatar must sever ties with all terrorist, sectarian and ideological organizations, primarily Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamic State, Al-Qaeda, Fatah al-Sham and Hezbollah.

The country has been under unprecedented diplomatic and economic sanctions for more than two weeks, with Iran and Turkey increasingly supplying it with food and other goods.

The Saudis are attempting to use Qatar as an example to show other regional players the astronomical cost of standing against Riyadh, but they no longer have the power to impose their will on Doha, says political commentator Seyed Mostafa Khoshcheshm.

The last point on the list calls for the establishment of a 10-year mechanism, that would operate monthly for the first year, to ensure Qatar is complying with the agreement.

"We hope that Qatar will realise the consequences of its policy against neighbouring countries and that wisdom will prevail in Doha", he said. "That's why the Kuwaitis will take the lead in the negotiation".

Saudi Arabia has severed all land, sea and air links with Qatar, and Qatar Airlines has had to cancel or reroute some flights that usually use the airspace of the boycotting nations.

The United States and the European Union have called for unity in the Gulf.

The media organisations the petition claims are "supported" by Qatar include Arabi21, al-Araby al-Jadeed, Sharq and the London-based Middle East Eye. Some 88 Turkish soldiers were already in Qatar, according to the Hurriyet newspaper.

Vanessa Coleman

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