Lavrov and Pompeo also discussed issues on the global agenda, including the situation in Syria, and other topics considered during the meeting of Russian President Vladimir Putin and his United States counterpart Donald Trump in Helsinki on July 16.
The rouble briefly hit 67.67 against the dollar, losing around 6% of its value since the start of the week on US sanctions fears.
Moscow's hopes for better ties with Washington under President Donald Trump have withered as his administration has introduced waves of sanctions against Russian Federation.
Russian Federation will "work on developing retaliatory measures", foreign ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova told journalists.
Skripal and his daughter were poisoned by the Novichok military-grade nerve agent in the English city of Salisbury in March.
The State Department confirmed that the call took place and that the two diplomats discussed the sanctions.
Under the new sanctions, which will take effect in two weeks, requests by American companies to sell Russian Federation items with a potential national security goal will be automatically denied, with few exceptions.
The Russian central bank said the ruble's fall to multi-month lows on news of new US sanctions was a "natural reaction" and that it had the necessary tools to prevent any threat to financial stability.
Earlier, the Kremlin said the new batch of sanctions on Moscowannounced by the U.
"We consider categorically unacceptable the linking of new restrictions, which we as before consider illegal, to the case in Salisbury", Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told journalists, but added: "Moscow retains hopes of building constructive relations with Washington". Trump made no public comments on the matter, and communications aides referred all questions to the State Department, which said the USA still sought improved ties with Moscow.
A second round - kicking in three months later unless Russian Federation provides "reliable assurances" it will not use chemical weapons again and agrees to United Nations inspections - could include downgrading diplomatic relations, suspending flights to the U.S. by state airline Aeroflot and cutting off many exports and imports.
A United Kingdom investigation has already blamed Russian Federation for the attack, resulting in the expulsion of spies from multiple allies including the US. "And our American friends need to understand this", he said, speaking on a trip to the Russian Far East.
One tool it said it might use was limiting market volatility by adjusting how much foreign currency it buys. He goes as far as saying that Trump is most likely aware of the existence of blackmail material often referred to as "kompromat".
But Doctorow and Vladimir Vasiliev, from Moscow's Institute for U.S. and Canadian Studies, each agree that Russian Federation is more likely to take a wait-and-see approach than to try to get the first shot in.
"And it would be necessary, it would be needed to react to this war economically, politically, or, if needed, by other means".
But Russia's delegation to the global chemical weapons watchdog said on Thursday that the West was acting as judge, jury and executioner.
The new USA sanctions come amid increasing frustration with Trump's handling of Russian Federation, and how he apparently needed congressional prodding to impose the new penalties.