The AAAS further calculates that the Department of Energy's office of science - which is the largest federal funder of basic research in the physical sciences - would face a 16.5% decrease to $5.5 billion under Trump's 2020 proposal, and the Environmental Protection Agency's science and technology office is slated for a $243 million cut, which translates to a drop of 34.5%.
The budget plan foresees a 1.1-trillion-dollar deficit in 2019, 2020 and 2021, and a 1-trillion-dollar deficit in 2022.
That's the rosy forecast. The proposal, titled "A Budget for a Better America: Promises Kept".
The Democratic chairman of the Budget panel, Rep. John Yarmuth of Kentucky, opened the hearing calling Trump's proposed $2.7 trillion in spending cuts to health care, education and food assistance "extreme to a level that is malicious, a level that is meant to do harm".
Though the President promised to pay off the national debt in eight years during his 2016 campaign, the President's budget does not project a balanced budget for 15 years. "House Democrats will reject this toxic, destructive budget request which would hollow out our national strength and fail to meet the needs of the American people". Rob Portman, R-Ohio. The new budget request is six times what Congress allocated for border wall in the past two fiscal years and 6 percent more than what Trump gathered by invoking emergency in the nation rendering the longest shutdown in United States history. That extra percent of growth saves Trump more than $3 trillion, according to Riedl's calculations.
"In spite of all that criticism, they're just continuing on that path", said Aviva Aron-Dine, vice president for health policy at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.
Vought said the administration had not proposed such a plan as of yet.
Trump's debt binge is occurring for two reasons. The administration is counting on robust growth, including from the Republican tax cuts - which Trump wants to make permanent - to push down the red ink. "The American Society for Microbiology (ASM) called the cuts 'short-sighted", and urged Congress and the White House to work together to raise now mandated budget caps. The budget request seeks $6.1 billion for the EPA, down 31 percent from current spending. By simply ignoring budget caps that conservatives originally called for, this gimmick forces the defense community to deal with the year-to-year uncertainty of an annual slush fund, rather than giving them a long term national security vision.
Like past presidential budget proposals, Trump's spending plan was highly unlikely to become law, especially with Democrats in control of the House of Representatives, but it does serve as an early manifesto of the policy priorities he will bring to his 2020 re-election campaign. "If nothing is done, interest payments alone on the Federal Government's debt will double by 2023 and exceed spending on the US military by 2024", the budget document asserted. That includes a $1.1 trillion cut to nondefense discretionary programs. Democrats panned Trump's plan, while Republican appropriators declined to endorse it, saying they need to review it. Many budget experts, however, thought this was one of the few parts of Trump's plan that was worthy of some applause. For an O-4 with 12 years in the military - typically a major in the Army, Marines, and Air Force, and a lieutenant commander in the Navy, the pay raise would be $2,800 more a year. "Middle class families like you, and the neighborhood I grew up in". But spending would continue to exceed revenue, leading to more deficits.
Trump's proposed Medicare tweak is wrapped in a bigger budget package that doesn't look bipartisan.
According to the 4.7-trillion-U.S. -dollar budget proposal, the Trump administration plans to cut non-defense domestic spending by 5 percent over the next year, or a almost 30-billion-dollar reduction, involving programs on education, health care and environment protection, among others.
"We believe that every budget is an opportunity to put forward our vision for the next 10 years", said acting budget director Russell Vought.