While all ballistic missile related activities of Iran are in full conformity with the relevant provisions of resolution 2231, it is the U.S. that is in absolute violation of the very same resolution.
In May, U.S. President Donald Trump pulled Washington out of the nuclear deal approved before he took office, and reimposed sanctions on Tehran.
Iran's Foreign Ministry said their defence programme is none of the United States' business while Washington is urging the UN Security Council to condemn the Islamic Republic for a "dangerous" violation of a UN resolution with another ballistic missile test.
The acquisition of and manufacturing of ballistic missiles to carry conventional warheads is an inherent right of any state under global law, and Iran is no exception.
Iran's U.N. Mission said that the country's ballistic missile program is purely defensive and a "deterrent tool against foreign threats" and declared that the country isn't violating the resolution.
The administration is hoping to convince European allies to move forward with new sanctions as reprisal for the missile tests, a position many of these allies are hesitant to adopt.
"Iran firmly rejects any arbitrary interpretation of the provisions of resolution 2231, according to which, Iran is called upon not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles 'designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons, '" the statement reads.
"If the Security Council is serious about holding Iran accountable and enforcing our resolutions, then at a minimum we should be able to deliver a unanimous condemnation of this provocative missile test".
Pompeo plans to talk about Iran when he meets his counterparts from Britain, France and Germany on Tuesday while he is in Belgium for a meeting of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation counterparts.
And while Pompeo claimed the test violated United Nations resolution 2231, the launch does not constitute a violation of the United Nations measure, according to the language of the resolution.
He also slammed Western countries for adopting double-standard policies, and said it is a source of regret that they take such belligerent stances against Iran's peaceful defence program while they have remained silent towards some of their allies which have for years spent tens of billions of dollars to buy military equipment and launch round-the-clock attacks on another country; lay siege on millions of women, children, and innocent people suffering from drought and disease; and totally destroy their infrastructures. Iran maintains that the resolution does not require it to stop missile development, which it says has nothing to do with its nuclear programme.
"It is a grave and escalating threat, and nations around the world, not just Europe, need to do everything they can to be targeting Iran's missile program", he said. The deal was meant to ensure that Iran would not attempt to secretly develop nuclear weapons, an ambition that the country always denied having.
The nuclear deal provides for a lifting of sanctions against Iran in return for curbs on its nuclear activities.
"I want to thank you for everything that you're doing, for your strong statements on the latest violation by Iran on the ballistic missiles", said Netanyahu, ahead of a planned meeting with Pompeo in Brussels. "Iran is on the wrong track and our campaign of maximum economic pressure is created to starve the regime of the revenue it needs to test missiles and proliferate missiles, support terrorism, conduct cyber attacks, [and] conduct acts of maritime aggression". "This is the most important thing that we must do and the government is putting forth all its efforts on this issue".