Federal Bureau of Investigation data shows 18 hate crimes logged in South Dakota in 2016

The 4.6 percent increase over the previous year reflects a growing trend in hate crimes during and following the election of President Donald Trump, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center, with many incidents reported by Muslims, blacks and Jews as well as LGBT people.

Crimes against Muslims accounted for about 25 percent of religious-based hate crimes.

Raleigh Police reported 28 incidents in 2016, 15 of them racially motivated, and Charlotte-Mecklenburg police reported 27, 16 of them connected to race. The victim totals could include individuals, businesses, government entities or society as a whole.

Phoenix hate crimes spiked in 2015, when there were big jumps in crimes based on religion and sexual orientation.

"There's a unsafe disconnect between the rising problem of hate crimes and the lack of credible data being reported", said ADL CEO Jonathan A. Greenblatt. In addition, only "verified" crimes are reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation. "Public awareness and understanding that bias motivated crimes are not tolerated in Phoenix may also be driving the decrease". In 2015, hate crime rose by seven percent.

In April, the Anti-Defamation League reported 1,266 anti-Semitic incidents in 2016, a 35 percent increase from 2015. Crimes motivated by anti-Hispanic bias increased from 299 to 344 incidents during that time, anti-Native American bias increased from 131 to 154 incidents, and anti-Arab bias increased from 37 to 51. Attorney General Jeff Sessions has said it would be a top focus of his Justice Department. Hate crimes due to sexual orientation went down slightly.

"No person should have to fear being violently attacked because of who they are, what they believe or how they worship", he said.

"There's a unsafe disconnect between the rising problem of hate crimes and the lack of credible data being reported", said Anti-Defamation League CEO Jonathan A. Greenblatt, who called for an "all-hands-on-deck approach" to address underreporting. Of the incidents spurred by hatred of a particular religion, anti-Semitism was again the leading cause, motivating about 55 percent of those episodes, followed by anti-Muslim sentiment, which spurred about 25 percent.

Earlier this month, the ADL said the first nine months of 2017 saw a 67 percent increase in anti-Semitic incidents compared to the same period of 2016.

Vanessa Coleman