Experience Rare Lunar Eclipse With Blue Moon on January 31st

And a blood moon is phrase used to describe the moon during a total lunar eclipse - when the Earth passes between the moon and the sun.

On Jan. 31, a Blue Moon will also occur as the moon becomes full for the second time in a month.

Filipinos will be treated to spectacular celestial shows this month with the appearance of a blue moon and supermoons, meteor showers and a lunar eclipse, according to the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa). Heading farther west into western Asia, the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East and Eastern Europe, the eclipse will already be underway as the moon rises. Alaska and Hawaii will also catch a glimpse of this eclipse. Moonset will intervene for the rest of North and Central America, however. The same day as the blue moon, viewers shall also experience a lunar eclipse visible in the night sky. Before 2017, there was 8% partial eclipse on 31 December 2009, but the last total eclipse of a Blue Moon happened all the way back in 31 March 1866.

A supermoon takes place when a full moon is at or near its closest point to Earth in its orbit. The moon is responsible for providing a rhythm to the tidal waves on the surface of the Earth even when it is located at a distance of 385,000km from our planet.

Get ready to witness the rare sight of the blood moon or blue supermoon that will happen for the first time in last 150 years. "Folks in the eastern United States, where the eclipse will be partial, will have to get up in the morning to see it", said Noah Petro, a research scientist from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center on the agency's website. This is a common term for the second full moon in a month.

Blue Moons aren't unique as they happen around once every 2.7 years because the number of days in a new moon to new moon is a bit less than the usual calendar month. Our next blue moon, however, will take place on March 31 this year. The reddish color of the eclipsed moon earned it the name Blood Moon.

Vanessa Coleman